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Standard Abbreviation Code for BIBBA Hive Record Cards

This page is credited in full to Dave Cushman who created it. His voice is expressed in black colour text and any additions or comments in blue belong to myself. Credit: Dave Cushman’s website.

PH.

 

Written mainly by Beowulf A. Cooper, the information on this page has been garnered from notes taken by myself and includes the fruit of several peoples experience of beekeeping records over the period between 1945 and 1970. Information has also been taken from a folded card guide published by BIBBA, that had the code number VBRC/7 and a similar folded card, also published by BIBBA, coded RC7 and dated 1978, which had an ISBN 0 905369 78 5.

The code of abbreviations? was devised to assist precise data entry on to the columns of BIBBA colony record cards. The use of these conventions should enable any one person’s records to be fully understood by any other reader.

Counting and Observing… If the facts are countable, eg. frames of brood, queencells, hive weight or number of boxes, enter the actual figure. A non-numerical observation should be entered by description, in code, eg. broodnest shape.

Estimates…? Where the observation has to be estimated scoring should be on a percentage basis. Each vertical column is headed by a ‘virtue’, and the convention that Beo intended was that 100 marks would be awarded where the virtue is fully apparent, or 0 marks would be scored where it is wholly lacking, but many beekeepers actually simplify this by adopting a zero to nine scale or a zero to ten scale.

Disease… When at the hive side, one can only record general symptoms or suspicions, rather than the confirmed presence of disease. Scoring must be interpreted as meaning just symptoms or evidence of the problem in question, no more.

Only four states of severity of disease are recognised…

0

where the trouble is absent (eg. AGO = no acarine symptoms seen),

1

a trace seen,

2

= a moderate attack is evident,

3

= a bad dose is noted (eg. AC3).

 

It should go without saying that sincerity is essential, all scorings must be scrupulously honest. By all means add to your entry why you think some item is not as you had hoped, but do not bias the scoring. If you do, you are only kidding yourself. The bees are not genetically improved by a faked, exaggerated or minimised entry. To do so will only mislead you, or others, into propagating or culling the wrong parent.

Before I list the codes themselves I must describe the “attention attractors”. I personally never understood the need for these, as to my mind you should read all data thoroughly when making your assessments. However I will detail them for completeness sake.

 

fault (below a marking) = a major breeding fault – don’t overlook. Enclose the marking and letter F in a bold square and enter a brief note in FAULTS box.

virtue (below a marking) = a major breeding virtue – don*t overlook. Enclose the marking and letter V in a bold circle and enter a brief note in VIRTUES box.

admixed bees (entered in RH margin of a day’s entry) = admixed bees. Enclose letters ADB in a bold rectangle {for definition of ADB see list below}.

Where hive boxes are being noted the deep form is implied by the term (eg. N = National deep, NS = National Shallow).

The list below gives alternatives for some abbreviations, this is mainly because several systems were already in use before the standardisation was agreed upon and carried out. The list is extensive and some of the items may seem trivial, but they have been included for completeness sake. Some of the terms are only applicable in the UK because of the design of equipment available.

Where there are pages on this website that are relevant to the codes or descriptions the links will take you to the page concerned, which will open in a new window that will require closing in order to return to this page.

 

A

= Adult

ABD

= American Brood Disease ?=

AFB

AC

= Acarine (Acarosis) =

TM

admixed bees

= Admixed bees, a warning that stock will show indications at variance from what might be expected of progeny of the queen heading the hive, due to accident or manipulation, eg. adding brood, uniting, requeening switching hive position, swarms joining up. Some factors may show an intermediate state between those of of their constituents, or one factor (eg. PQN or Following) may override others. Repeat the entry until all the pre-admixture bees have died off.

AFB

= American Foul Brood disease =

ABD

AM

= Amoeba

AVM

= Apiary Vicinity Mating

b

= Broad

B

= Brood (dropped in favour of B = broad for nest shape)

Bb

= Brood box

bb

= bees (plural of bee)(more than one ‘b’)

bk

= bees killed

bbm

= bees moved

BD

= Broken Down

Bf

= Brood frame

BF

= Bees fed

BHB

= Bald Headed Brood (bald brood)

Br

= Brood (most recent implementation of the term)

BR

= Braula (Braulosis)

BS

= British Standard

BSLL

= British Standard Long Lug

BSP

= Brood Spreading carried out

BSS

= British Standard Shallow

BSSL

= British Standard Short Lug (Smith)

BTW

= Bad Temper due to Weather

BW

= Bad Weather (at the time)

BWP

= Bad Weather previously

BZA

= BenZaldehyde Applied

C

= Capped brood

CAC

= Cool Air Clustering =

CWC

CB

= Chalk Brood

CBA

= Clearer Board Applied

CDB

= CDB hive (Congested Districts Board Hive)

CHB

= Chilled Brood

CHbb

= Chilled bees

CLR

= Clingers

Com

= Commercial or Modified Commercial (a UK hive type) =

MC

CQ

= Clipped Queen

CTC

= Comb Tops Cleaned

CUL

= Cultured Queen

CV

= Comb Varnishers

CW

= Cold Weather (at the time)

CWC

= Cold Weather Clustering =

CAC

CWP

= Cold Weather Previously

CWW

= Cold Wet Weather Now

CWWP

= Cold Wet Weather Previously

D

= Drones

DAM

= Drone Assembly Mating =

DCM

DCM

= Drone Congregation Mating =

DAM

DB

= Drone Brood

dB

= dead Brood

dbb

= dead bees

DCL

= Drone Comb Lacking

DCS

= Drone Comb Surfeit (superabundant)

DDO

= Drones Driven Out

DLQ

= Drone Laying Queen

DQ

= DeQueened

DV

= Division of stock carried out (splitting)

DW

= Double-Walled hive

E

= Eggs

EBD

= European Brood Disease =

EFB

EFB

= European Foul Brood =

EBD

EL

= Eggs and Larvae seen

ELC

= Eggs, Larvae & Capped brood,???? I have also seen… ELS denoting Sealed brood

ELCM

= Eggs, Larvae, Capped & Emerging Brood,?? I have also seen… ELSE ‘Sealed’ brood + E

EMQC

= Emergency Queen Cell

ENR

= Early Night Runners

EQC

= Empty Queen Cell (after emergence) =

QCM

EX

= Excreta

fault

= Fault !???? Beware !

F1

= First generation offspring of a P1 queen

F2

= grand-daughter of P1 queen

F3

= great grand-daughter of P1 queen

FAN

= fanners (roarers)

FBO

= Foul Brood Officer

fd or fdn

= foundation

FW

= ForeWing

f

= frame

g

= good

GCL

= Ground Clustering chilled bees

gwr

= good, but with reservations

GT

= Gone Through (as in full hive inspection)

?GT

= partly Gone Through

Hf

= Hoffman frame(s)

HTO

= Honey Taken Off

HW

= Hind Wing

KW

= K-Winged worker bees

L

= Larvae (in brood context) or Langstroth (in a hive or frame context)

LC

= Larvae plus Capped brood =

LS

LCE

= Larvae, Capped brood and Emerging brood =

LCM, LSM, LSE

LCM

= Larvae, Capped brood and Emerging brood =

LSM, LCE, LSE

LDF

= Long Distance Followers

LH

= Left Hand side (sometimes LHS)

LS

= Larvae plus Sealed brood?? or?? in a hive or frame context = Langstroth Shallow

LW

= Laying Workers

M

= eMerging brood

MB

= Midges Biting

MC

= Modified Commercial (a UK hive type) =

Com

MCS

= Modified Commercial Shallow (box or frame)

MD

= Modified Dadant

MDS

= Modified Dadant Shallow

mef

= metal end frame

MQ

= Marked Queen

n

= normal broodnest shape (spherical)

N

= National (or modified National) hive

N/2

= Half National hive (5 frame nuc)

n/3

= Third National hive (3 frame nuc)

NMU

= Nucleus Made Up

NO

= Nosema

NR

= Night Runners

NS

= National Shallow (box or frame)

nuc

= nucleus hive

OP

= Opened, but examination not completed

P1

= Parent (queen mother) of F1 generation

P2

= grandparent of F1 generation

P3

= great grandparent of F1 generation

PAB

= Pollen Above Brood (upper arc only)

PAR

= Paralysis

PBB

= Pollen Below Brood (upper and lower arcs)

PC

= Perforated cappings

PIB

= Pollen In (amongst) Brood

PQN

= Peak Queencell Number =

PSN

PSN

= Peak Swarming Number (max number of queencells produced) =

PQN

Q

= Queen

QFAX

= Queen Found Above eXcluder

QFBX

= Queen Found Below eXcluder

QC

= Queen Cell (occupied)

QCC

= Capped Queen Cell =

SQC

QCE

= Queen Cell with Egg

QCL

= Queen Cell with Larva

QCM

= eMerged Queen Cell =

EQC

QNS

= Queen Not Seen (although looked for)

QPAX

= Queen Put Above eXcluder

QPBX

= Queen Put Below eXcluder

QQ

= more than one queen present

QX

= Queen eXcluder

R

= Robbing in progress (in an apiary)(either way)

RAC

= Robbing Another Colony

RBA

= being Robbed By Another colony

RH

= Right Hand side (sometimes RHS)

RO

= Robbed Out

S

= Scattered (brood pattern) (‘Shotgun’ brood)

SB

= Sac Brood

SDF

= Short Distance Followers

SM

= Smith (BSSL) hive

SMS

= Smith Shallow box or frame

SP

= Spray Poisoning

SQC

= Sealed Queen Cell =

QCC

SUP

= Supersedure (under queenright conditions)

SWG

= bees switched (this stock gains bees)

SWL

= bees switched (this stock loses bees)

SW

= Swarm (or have already swarmed)

t

= tall broodnest pattern

tb

= top box

TM

= Tracheal Mite =

AC

TS

= Till Smoked (then temper improved)

TWR

= Till Warm air had Risen (then OK)

TWS

= Till Well Smoked (as TS, but needing much more smoke to subdue effectively)

UG

= Uniting done (this stock Gains bees)

UL

= Uniting done (this stock Loses bees)

UQ

= Unmarked Queen

virtue

= Virtue !- Do Not Overlook

vg

= very good

VJ

= Varroa Jacobsoni (varroasis)

VQ

= Virgin Queen

wbw

= wrong beeway (bad bee space)

WML

= Wax Moth, Large (Galleria Mellonella)

WMS

= Wax Moth, Small (Achroia Grisella)

WW

= Wet Weather

WWP

= Wet Weather Previously

xl or XL

= excellent

YSf

= Yorkshire Spacer Frames

Some of the terms that appear in the above list are uncommon or have gone out of use in the time since the code was first defined and standardised, but they have been left in the list because they have been widely published in the past and some old record cards may still have such terms inscribed on them. The extent and detail of the terminology give an insight into the ordered Teutonic mind of Beo Cooper. I have a passion for completeness and detail myself and took part in many a pedantic discussion about some of the terms, the details of which are now long forgotten.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Written… Summer 2001, Upgraded… 28 April 2005,

 

This page has actually been validated by W3C

Javascript Navigational elements removed as per W3C Link Checker version 4.1 (c) 1999-2004 Requirements

 

Coding Standard 2004 Issue 5 (Strict)

 

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